A Lightweight VPN with Build-in Forward Error Correction Support(or A Network Improving Tool which works at VPN mode). Improves your Network Quality on a High-latency Lossy Link.
tinyfecVPN uses Forward Error Correction(Reed-Solomon code) to reduce packet loss rate, at the cost of additional bandwidth usage.
Assume your local network to your server is lossy. Just establish a VPN connection to your server with tinyfecVPN, access your server via this VPN connection, then your connection quality will be significantly improved. With well-tuned parameters , you can easily reduce IP or UDP/ICMP packet-loss-rate to less than 0.01% . Besides reducing packet-loss-rate, tinyfecVPN can also significantly improve your TCP latency and TCP single-thread download speed.
tinyfecVPN uses same lib as UDPspeeder, supports all FEC features of UDPspeeder. tinyfecVPN works at VPN mode,while UDPspeeder works at UDP tunnel mode.
Tested on a link with 100ms roundtrip and 10% packet loss at both direction. You can easily reproduce the test result by yourself.
Ping Packet Loss
SCP Copy Speed
Linux host (including desktop Linux,
Android phone/tablet, OpenWRT router, or Raspberry PI).Binaries for
arm are provided.
For Windows and MacOS, You can run tinyfecVPN inside this 7.5mb virtual machine image.
Need root or at least CAP_NET_ADMIN permission to run, for creating tun device.
How doest it work
tinyfecVPN uses FEC(Forward Error Correction) to reduce packet loss rate, at the cost of additional bandwidth usage. The algorithm for FEC is called Reed-Solomon.
In coding theory, the Reed–Solomon code belongs to the class of non-binary cyclic error-correcting codes. The Reed–Solomon code is based on univariate polynomials over finite fields.
It is able to detect and correct multiple symbol errors. By adding t check symbols to the data, a Reed–Solomon code can detect any combination of up to t erroneous symbols, or correct up to ⌊t/2⌋ symbols. As an erasure code, it can correct up to t known erasures, or it can detect and correct combinations of errors and erasures. Reed–Solomon codes are also suitable as multiple-burst bit-error correcting codes, since a sequence of b + 1 consecutive bit errors can affect at most two symbols of size b. The choice of t is up to the designer of the code, and may be selected within wide limits.
Check wikipedia for more info, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reed–Solomon_error_correction
Download binary release from https://github.com/wangyu-/tinyfecVPN/releases
Assume your server ip is
126.96.36.199, you have a service listening on udp/tcp port
# Run at server side: ./tinyvpn -s -l0.0.0.0:4096 -f20:10 -k "passwd" --sub-net 10.22.22.0 # Run at client side ./tinyvpn -c -r188.8.131.52:4096 -f20:10 -k "passwd" --sub-net 10.22.22.0
10.22.22.1:7777 to connect to your service,all traffic will be improved by FEC. If you ping
10.22.22.1, you will get ping reply.
-f20:10 means sending 10 redundant packets for every 20 original packets.
-k enables simple XOR encryption
To create tun device, you need root or cap_net_admin permission. Its suggested to run tinyfecVPN as non-root, check this link for more info.
Currently one server supports only one client. For multiple clients, start multiple servers.
You can use udp2raw with tinyfecVPN together to get better speed on some ISP with UDP QoS(UDP throttling).
tinyfecVPN git version: b03df1b586 build date: Oct 31 2017 19:46:50 repository: https://github.com/wangyu-/tinyfecVPN/ usage: run as client: ./this_program -c -r server_ip:server_port [options] run as server: ./this_program -s -l server_listen_ip:server_port [options] common options, must be same on both sides: -k,--key <string> key for simple xor encryption. if not set, xor is disabled main options: --sub-net <number> specify sub-net, for example: 192.168.1.0 , default: 10.22.22.0 --tun-dev <number> sepcify tun device name, for example: tun10, default: a random name such as tun987 -f,--fec x:y forward error correction, send y redundant packets for every x packets --timeout <number> how long could a packet be held in queue before doing fec, unit: ms, default: 8ms --mode <number> fec-mode,available values: 0, 1; 0 cost less bandwidth, 1 cost less latency;default: 0) --report <number> turn on send/recv report, and set a period for reporting, unit: s --keep-reconnect re-connect after lost connection,only for client. advanced options: --mtu <number> mtu. for mode 0, the program will split packet to segment smaller than mtu_value. for mode 1, no packet will be split, the program just check if the mtu is exceed. default value: 1250 -j,--jitter <number> simulated jitter. randomly delay first packet for 0~<number> ms, default value: 0. do not use if you dont know what it means. -i,--interval <number> scatter each fec group to a interval of <number> ms, to protect burst packet loss. default value: 0. do not use if you dont know what it means. --random-drop <number> simulate packet loss, unit: 0.01%. default value: 0 --disable-obscure <number> disable obscure, to save a bit bandwidth and cpu developer options: --tun-mtu <number > mtu of the tun interface,most time you shouldnt change this --disable-mssfix <number > disable mssfix for tcp connection --fifo <string> use a fifo(named pipe) for sending commands to the running program, so that you can change fec encode parameters dynamically, check readme.md in repository for supported commands. -j ,--jitter jmin:jmax similiar to -j above, but create jitter randomly between jmin and jmax -i,--interval imin:imax similiar to -i above, but scatter randomly between imin and imax -q,--queue-len <number> max fec queue len, only for mode 0 --decode-buf <number> size of buffer of fec decoder,u nit: packet, default: 2000 --fix-latency try to stabilize latency, only for mode 0 --delay-capacity <number> max number of delayed packets --disable-fec <number> completely disable fec, turn the program into a normal udp tunnel --sock-buf <number> buf size for socket, >=10 and <=10240, unit: kbyte, default: 1024 log and help options: --log-level <number> 0: never 1: fatal 2: error 3: warn 4: info (default) 5: debug 6: trace --log-position enable file name, function name, line number in log --disable-color disable log color -h,--help print this help message
The program supports all options of UDPspeeder,check UDPspeeder repo for details:
Specify a tun device name to use. Example:
If not set,tinyfecVPN will randomly chose a name,such as
Specify the sub-net of VPN. Example:
--sub-net 10.10.10.0, in this way,server IP will be
10.10.10.1,client IP will be
The last number of option should be zero, for exmaple
10.10.10.123 is invalild, and will be corrected automatically to
Only works at client side.
tinyfecVPN server only handles one client at same time,the connection of a new client will kick old client,after being kicked,old client will just exit by default.
--keep-reconnect is enabled , client will try to get connection back after lost connection or being kicked.
Server is a Vulr VPS in japan，CPU: single core 2.4GHz,ram: 512mb. Client is a Bandwagonhost VPS in USA，CPU: single core 2.0GHZ,ram: 96mb. To put pressure on the FEC algorithm, an additional 10% packet-loss rate was introduced at both direction.
Server side： ./tinyvpn_amd64 -s -l 0.0.0.0:5533 --mode 0 -f20:10 iperf3 -s Client side： ./tinyvpn_amd64 -c -r 184.108.40.206:5533 --mode 0 -f20:10 iperf3 -c 10.22.22.1 -P10
Note: the performance is mainly limited by the RS code lib.
As a VPN software may contradict with local regulations, I had to introduce an intended restriction in the pre-released binaries: you can only use tinyfecVPN to access your own server.
You can easily get rid of this restriction by compiling the source code by yourself (take a look at the makefile). This restriction exits only at server side, only the server side binary needs to be compiled by yourself.
(If you want to compile by yourself, use
git clone --recursive instead of
git clone, otherwise the submodule wont be cloned)