nodejs npm包管理的配置方法及常用命令介绍

reddog 发布于3年前
0 条问题

1. 输入 npm config ls -l 可以查看当前的目录设置

; cli configs
long = true
 
; builtin config C:\Program Files (x86)\nodejs\node_modules\npm\npmrcprefix = "C:\\Users\\sam\\AppData\\Roaming\\npm" 
; default valuesalways-auth = falsebrowser = "start"ca = "-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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\nZNufy1Jf1r0ldEGeA+0ISck7s+xSh9rQD2Op\n-----END CERTIFICATE-----"cache = "C:\\Users\\sam\\AppData\\Roaming\\npm-cache"cache-max = nullcache-min = 0color = truecoverage = falsedepth = nulldescription = truedev = falseeditor = "notepad.exe"force = falsegit = "git"global = falseglobalconfig = "C:\\Program Files (x86)\\nodejs\\etc\\npmrc"globalignorefile = "C:\\Program Files (x86)\\nodejs\\etc\\npmignore"group = 0ignore = ""init-module = "C:\\Users\\sam\\.npm-init.js"init.version = "0.0.0"init.author.name = ""init.author.email = ""init.author.url = ""json = falselink = falseloglevel = "http"; long = false (overridden)message = "%s"node-version = "0.8.0"npaturl = "http://npat.npmjs.org/"npat = falseonload-script = nulloutfd = 1parseable = falsepre = false; prefix = "C:\\Program Files (x86)\\nodejs" (overridden)production = falseproprietary-attribs = trueproxy = nullhttps-proxy = nulluser-agent = "npm/1.1.32 node/v0.8.0"rebuild-bundle = trueregistry = "https://registry.npmjs.org/"rollback = truesave = falsesave-bundle = falsesave-dev = falsesave-optional = falsesearchopts = ""searchexclude = nullsearchsort = "name"shell = "C:\\windows\\system32\\cmd.exe"strict-ssl = truetag = "latest"tmp = "C:\\Users\\sam\\AppData\\Local\\Temp"unicode = trueunsafe-perm = trueusage = falseuser = 0username = ""userconfig = "C:\\Users\\sam\\.npmrc"userignorefile = "C:\\Users\\sam\\.npmignore"umask = "022"version = falseversions = falseviewer = "browser"yes = null_exit = true

2. 针对某一项设置,可以通过

npm config set 属性名 属性值

的方式来进行配置。

例如:

npm config set prefix "C:\123\"

3. 读取某一项配置

npm config get prefix


4.npm的常用命令
npm install xxx 安装模块
npm install xxx@1.1.1   安装1.1.1版本的xxx
npm install xxx -g 将模块安装到全局环境中。
npm ls 查看安装的模块及依赖
npm ls -g 查看全局安装的模块及依赖
npm uninstall xxx  (-g) 卸载模块
npm cache clean 清理缓存
npm help xxx  查看帮助
npm view moudleName dependencies  查看包的依赖关系
npm view moduleNames  查看node模块的package.json文件夹
npm view moduleName labelName  查看package.json文件夹下某个标签的内容
npm view moduleName repository.url  查看包的源文件地址
npm view moduleName engines   查看包所依赖的Node的版本
npm help folders   查看npm使用的所有文件夹
npm rebuild moduleName    用于更改包内容后进行重建
npm outdated   检查包是否已经过时,此命令会列出所有已经过时的包,可以及时进行包的更新
npm update moduleName   更新node模块

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