Golang Http Handlers as Middleware

purpleladybug 发布于1年前 阅读12444次
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From: http://capotej.com/

转者按:本文介绍了如何hook一个http的处理函数,从而加入自定义的内容。


Most modern web stacks allow the “filtering” of requests via stackable/composable middleware, allowing you to cleanly separate cross-cutting concerns from your web application. This weekend I needed to hook into go’s http.FileServer and was pleasantly surprised how easy it was to do.

Let’s start with a basic file server for /tmp:

main.go
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func main() {  http.ListenAndServe(":8080", http.FileServer(http.Dir("/tmp"))) } 

This starts up a local file server at :8080. How can we hook into this so we can run some code before file requests are served? Let’s look at the method signature for http.ListenAndServe:

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func ListenAndServe(addr string, handler Handler) error

So it looks like http.FileServer returns a Handler that knows how to serve files given a root directory. Now let’s look at the Handler interface:

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type Handler interface {  ServeHTTP(ResponseWriter, *Request) } 

Because of go’s granular interfaces, any object can be a Handler so long as it implements ServeHTTP. It seems all we need to do is construct our own Handler that wraps http.FileServer’s handler. There’s a built in helper for turning ordinary functions into handlers called http.HandlerFunc:

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type HandlerFunc func(ResponseWriter, *Request)

Then we just wrap http.FileServer like so:

main.go
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func OurLoggingHandler(h http.Handler) http.Handler {  return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {  fmt.Println(*r.URL)  h.ServeHTTP(w, r)  }) }  func main() {  fileHandler := http.FileServer(http.Dir("/tmp"))  wrappedHandler := OurLoggingHandler(fileHandler)  http.ListenAndServe(":8080", wrappedHandler) } 

Go has a bunch of other builtin handlers like TimeoutHandler and RedirectHandler that can be mixed and matched the same way.


另一种方式参考https://github.com/philsong/golang_samples/blob/master/src/emvdecoder/emvdecoder.go


type TraceHandler struct {
        h http.Handler
        n int
}

func (r *TraceHandler) ServeHTTP(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
        r.n++
        fmt.Printf("counter = %d\n", r.n) //why counter always zero
        fmt.Println("get", req.URL.Path, " from ", req.RemoteAddr)
        r.h.ServeHTTP(w, req)
}

func main() {
        port := "9090" //Default port
        if len(os.Args) > 1 {
                port = strings.Join(os.Args[1:2], "")
        }
        h := http.StripPrefix("/icclogs/", http.FileServer(http.Dir("./logs/")))
        http.Handle("/icclogs/", &TraceHandler{h: h, n: 0})

        println("Listening on port ", port, "...")
        err := http.ListenAndServe(":"+port, nil) //设置监听的端口

        if err != nil {
                log.Fatal("ListenAndServe: ", err)
        }
}


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