MySQL存储过程学习总结

JimmyLynn 发布于17天前
0 条问题

了解一下mysql的存储过程用法,总结一下

变量声明赋值

关键字 declare

-- 定义一个name变量,类型为 varchar

declare name varchar(20);

赋值关键字 set

-- 定义一个name变量,类型为 varchar

declare name varchar(20);
set name = "tomcat";

存储过程创建

格式如下

DELIMITER //
create procedure my_first_procedure()
begin
	-- 这里是要编写的逻辑
end
//

比如上面定义的name,现在要赋值并查询出来

DELIMITER //
create procedure my_first_procedure()
begin
	declare name varchar(20);
	set name = "tomcat";
	select name;
end
//

先执行存储过程,让mysql将存储过程创建好

删除存储过程

drop procedure my_first_procedure;

然后再使用 call 关键字调用存储过程

call my_first_procedure();

再执行调用语句结果如下

MySQL存储过程学习总结

逻辑循环

if语句格式

if (condition) then
  -- do something...
end if;

if else

if condition then
  -- do something...
else
  -- do something...
end if;

if elseif

if condition then
  -- do something...
elseif condition then
  -- do something...
else
  -- do something...
end if;

注意end if后面的分号,以及每个条件中语句的分号结束

case when

declare name varchar(20);
set name = "tomcat";
case name
  when "tomcat" then
    select "tomcat";
  when "jetty" then
    select "jetty";
end case;

while do循环

while condition do
  // do something...
end while;

例:

DELIMITER //
create procedure my_first_procedure()
begin
	declare age int;
	declare sum int;
	set age = 1;
	set sum = 0;
	while age < 100 do
		set sum = sum + age;
		set age = age + 1;
	end while;
	select sum;
end
//

-- 如果存储过程已经存在了,先删除再创建
drop procedure my_first_procedure;

call my_first_procedure();

repeat until

repeat
  // do something...
until condition
end repeat;

例子

DELIMITER //
create procedure my_first_procedure()
begin
	declare age int;
	declare sum int;
	set age = 1;
	set sum = 0;
	repeat
		set age = age + 1;
		set sum = sum + age;
	until age > 100
	end repeat;
	select sum;
end
//

drop procedure my_first_procedure;

call my_first_procedure();

loop 循环

结构

loopName:loop
  if condition then
    leave loopName;
  end if;
  // do something...
end loop;

例子

DELIMITER //
create procedure my_first_procedure()
begin
	declare age int;
	declare sum int;
	set age = 1;
	set sum = 0;
	loopName:loop
		if age > 100 then
			leave loopName;
		end if;
		set age = age + 1;
		set sum = sum + age;
	end loop;
	select sum;
end
//

drop procedure my_first_procedure;

call my_first_procedure();

传值

对存储过程传值

有两个关键字 in out

in 是往存储过程中传值,如下例子

drop procedure my_first_procedure;

DELIMITER //
create procedure my_first_procedure(in age int)
begin
	if age < 10 then
		select "children";
	else
		select "other";
	end if;
end
//

-- declare age int;
set @age = 11;
call my_first_procedure(@age);

这里用declare关键字声明一个变量传到存储过程中会有问题,所以改用@声明变量

out是在存储过程中处理的结果返回出来用的, 使用中要配合着 into 关键字使用

用法

drop procedure my_first_procedure;

DELIMITER //
create procedure my_first_procedure(in age int, out name varchar(20))
begin
	if age < 10 then
		select "children" into name;
	else
		select "other" into name;
	end if;
end
//

-- declare age int;
set @age = 11;
set @name = "";
call my_first_procedure(@age, @name);
select @name;

原文链接:

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