Rails Capybara Setup

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Capybara is a web-based automation framework tool for testing Rails apps. It helps you to create  functional tests  that simulate how users would interact with your application through the browser.

It is a fantastic tool for testing your application through the browser!

Capybara  does not interact with the website, it's just a layer between you and the web driver. For this, you can use  Selenium  web driver or any of the other drivers that Capybara supports.

Configuring Capybara

Capybara  can easily integrate with common test frameworks used in Rails. It is mostly used together with RSpec for writing feature test.

Before you get started, you need to add the following gems to the: test group in your Gemfile and run  bundle install:

group :test do
  gem 'capybara'
  gem 'selenium-webdriver'
end

Testing with Capybara

Comes with User-A capybara Friendly  the DSL  ( D OMain  S pecific  L anguage), Which Offers Helper Methods for Extracting Information, Data Inputting, Testing, or Clicking around.

By default, Capybara will only locate visible elements. This is because a real user would not be able to interact with non-visible elements. You can read more about this at  rubydoc.info .

Common DSL options

Here we will cover the most commonly used  DSL actions  for interacting with elements in your web application:

  • Find  specific elements and manipulate them:
find_field('field_name').value
find_field(id: 'field_id').value
find_link('link_name', visible: all).visible?
find_button('button_name').click

You can use it to find your links, buttons and fields and check if they are visible to the user, or click on them.  FindWill always wait for an element to appear on the page before raising an error.

  • Interact with the web application by the  following links and buttons :
click_link('link_id')
click_link('link_text')
click_button('button_name')
click_on('link_text') # clicks on either link or button

Always use one of these options when you want to access a link or a button. You can do this by using id, title, text within tag or value of the element.

  • Interact with  form elements :
fill_in('Title', :with => 'Example')
choose('radio_button')
check('checkbox')
uncheck('checkbox')
attach_file('image', 'image_path') # upload a file
select('option', from: 'select_box') # select from dropdown

Whenever you want to fill up your form you should use one of these possibilities. Depending on the type of the element the present values ​​are: id, name or related label element. The only exception is attach_file, it can only accept id and name.

  • Navigate through pages  with:
visit('url_name')

You can easily navigate through page with this simple command or only access the current page with:

expect(page).to have_current_path(path_name)
  • Query  the page for the existence of certain elements:
expect(page).to have_selector('table tr')
expect(page).to have_content('content_name')
  • Restrict certain actions within a specific area of ​​the page with  scoping :
# within(:xpath, 'actual_xpath') do
  fill_in 'Title', with: 'Example'
end

Use the  within method when you want to use actions only in a specific area or use these special methods:  within_fieldset for a specific fieldset and  within_table for a specific table.

  • Debug  with the following methods:
save_and_open_page # current snapshot of the page
save_sceenshot('screenshot_name.png')
save_and_open_screenshot # saves and automatically opens the screenshot

When you want to save the snapshot of the page, just add one of these lines to your code, or you can also retrieve the current state of an element with:

print page_name.html

Matchers

When trying to find an element by using the DSL or XPath, it is common to have have two or more  matches . You can customize the way Capybara find elements by using:

  • Capybara.exact  - Finds exact matches of an element.
  • Capybara.match  - Controls how Capybara behaves when multiple elements match.

To avoid getting  Ambiguous match  error when more than one match is found, you should consider using the following matching strategies supported by Capybara:

  • : first  - This will simply pick the first element that matches.
  • : one  - This will raise an error if more than one element is found.
  • : prefer_exact  - This finds all matching elements but only the first exactly matching element is returned and the rest is discarded.
  • : smart  - If  Capybara.exact  is set to  true , it will behave like  : one . Otherwise, it will try to find the exact element. Once again, an error is raised if multiple elements are found. If no element is found, a new search is performed.

JavaScript and Asynchronous Calls

Asynchronous JavaScript  allows you to interact with an element on the page that is not present yet. This can happen when using using JavaScript to create a new element on the page:

click_link('test')
click_link('foo')

Once you click on the 'test' link it will trigger an asynchronous process, which will show the 'foo' link. Clicking on the 'foo' will most likely raise an error since that link does not exist yet.

Waiting CAN handle by the this capybara A Brief period of Time for CAN ADJUST The default by You Waiting period (2 seconds The IS The default) with.:  Capybara.default_max_wait_time.

Capybara and RSpec

Using  Capybara together with RSpec  is as simple as adding  require 'capybara/rails' in the  rspec_helper.rb file. To be able to do this, you will need  RSpec installed  beforehand.

describe 'users' do
  let! :each do
    @user = FactoryGirl.create(:user)
    login_as(@user)
  end

  describe GET user#edit' do
    it 'should update user' do
      visit edit_user_path(@user)
      within('#edit_user_path') do
        fill_in 'email', with: 'john@example.com'
      end
      click_button 'Save'
      find_button('Save').click
      expect(page).to have_content 'Success'
    end
  end
end

This was a simple example that shows how you can use Capybara and RSpec at the same time by editing the user.

Hope this article helped you to understand what Capybara the rodent can do to your test environment!

Originally published on kolosek.com .

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