SSH-based "VPN for poors"
VPN made easy! No configuration. No VPN servers. No hassle. Just plug and use!
This is the "VPN without VPN" software done using nice built-in capabilities of SSH.
Install (just download it)
git clone https://github.com/ivanilves/xiringuito.git
Use (just run it ...)
cd xiringuito ./xiringuito firstname.lastname@example.org 10.0.0.0/8 192.168.0.0/16
... or install it globally and run from any working directory:
cd xiringuito sudo make install xiringuito email@example.com 10.0.0.0/8 192.168.0.0/16
Yes! That easy - just pass an SSH server and the list of networks your want to access through this server.
You will need:
- Linux or Mac system
- Local sudo privileges
- Remote sudo privileges
Xaval: connection manager
Install TunTap for Mac OS X first.
Server-side sudo note
If you do not have passwordless sudo on the side of SSH server, you will need to enter sudo password every time you connect to this server. You will be also unable to use
xaval "background" connect option (see
Specifying routes by hand is not bad. But we could make it better by creating an executable
discover-routes script in the project directory. If no routes are passed by hand,
xiringuito will run
discover-routes, pass SSH server hostname to it and use script output as a list of routes, so you may have per-host or per-domain route lists instead of boring manual typing. More information is available in AWS example which uses AWS CLI to discover VPC subnets and route traffic to them through our VPN tunnel.
You can have many of them!
As long as your routes do not overlap, you can run as many
xiringuito tunnels as you want. Simultaneously!
"xiringuito" is a Catalan way of saying popular Spanish word "chiringuito", which usually means a beach bar in a more or less provisional building. As long as such places usually stand on a loose surface, operate without license and work only with cash, in urban dictionary "chiringuito" could mean any dodgy business, any activity of questionable legality and confidence. I've picked up this name because I've wrote this as a quick temporary hack, partially in a bus, partially in a train, while travelling back and forth between job and home. But ... nothing is more permanent than the temporary, right?
For now we can do bug fixes and minor UX improvements, however we see rewriting
xiringuito in statically typed language as the major goal and a prerequirement before anything else.
What's the difference between
sshuttle is a very popular SSH over VPN client. Though both projects look similar, there are at least three differences:
xiringuitoworks well with RTP (Real-time Transport Protocol). This is a UDP-based protocol, the key difference between RTP and most of other UDP protocols - it used bi-directional media transport with random ports assigned on both ends. For me
sshuttlewas unable to correctly to handle RTP traffic, while
xiringuitodue to utilization of tun/tap devices, does it transparently w/o issues.
For the same reason
xiringuitoworks with low-level (non-TCP & non-UDP) IP protocols like OSPF, L2TP, PPP, IGMP, IPSec, ARP, etc. While nobody should use SSH tun/tap to tunnel these protocols on production,
xiringuitomay serve you great to do some remote testing of these protocols with SSH-only connection to the infrastructure.
No Python required! Well, this is not a solid reason to use
xiringuito, but not everybody likes Python.
sshuttle is a great piece of software. It suits web developers and DevOps/SysAdmins of typical web-centric projects very well. However, if you work with less typical services, or you hate Python (or love Bash),
xiringuito may be a great choice